Medina, located about 25 southeast of downtown Cleveland, is one of the older communities in Greater Cleveland. Medina was founded in 1818 as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. It was originally named Mecca, but an unincorporated community in Ohio already had that name, so the name was changed.
Most early residents were farmers. In the 1830s, growth of the community was aided by the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal, which helped transport agricultural products to markets. In 1835, Medina was incorporated as a village. In 1869, Amos Root founded the A.I. Root Company in Medina as a manufacturer of beehives and beekeeping equipment, and the town became a center for beehive manufacturing. The Public Square is now considered a historic district that includes nine blocks of stores and draws many visitors for its various festivals and private and public events.